“Who can attain to anything great if he does not feel in himself the force and will to inflict great pain? “
Friedrich Nietzsche, The Gay Science
Adolf Hitler was deeply interested in art and produced hundreds of works. He sold his paintings and postcards to earn a living during his Vienna years (1908–1913). However, he was not successful. He had also failed the entrance exam of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna, being rejected twice by the institute, once in 1907 and again in 1908; the institute considered that he had more talent in architecture than in painting. One of the instructors, sympathetic to his situation and believing he had some talent, suggested that he apply to Academies School of Architecture. However, that would have required returning to secondary school from which he’d dropped out and which he was unwilling to do. After that failure, Hitler spent time among artist cafes in Vienna. He hoped one of the masters there would take him in and teach him. No one offered. The youth tried to make ends meet by drawing hundreds of postcards, but the business venture failed. A number of his paintings were recovered after World War II and have sold at auction for tens of thousands of dollars. Others were seized by the U.S. Army and are still held by the U.S. government.